中秋节的来历和风俗手抄报图片

作者:admin 时间:2023-09-29 06:05 阅读数:138人阅读

中秋节的来历和风俗手抄报图片

中秋节的由来(简单的英文版)

August 15th, during the three autumns, it is called Mid-Autumn Festival. In the Mid-Autumn Festival, the temperature is cold and cold, the weather is high, and the moon is in the sky. It is the best season to play the moon. People love to play the moon at this time. It is the season from the Tang Dynasty. This is the origin of the Mid-Autumn Festival.

八月十五,时届三秋之中,故谓中秋。中秋时节,气温已凉未寒,天高气爽,月朗中天,为玩月佳时令,人们多爱此时玩月,自唐以下渐演为节令,这就是中秋节的由来。

中秋节,又称月夕、秋节、仲秋节、八月节、八月会、追月节、玩月节、拜月节、女儿节或团圆节,是流行于中国众多民族与汉字文化圈诸国的传统文化节日,时在农历八月十五;因其恰值三秋之半,故名,也有些地方将中秋节定在八月十六。

中秋节始于唐朝初年,盛行于宋朝,至明清时,已成为与春节齐名的中国传统节日之一。受中华文化的影响,中秋节也是东亚和东南亚一些尤其是当地的华人华侨的传统节日。自2008年起中秋节被列为法定节假日。2006年5月20日,国务院列入首批非物质文化遗产名录。

中秋节自古便有祭月、赏月、拜月、吃月饼、赏桂花、饮桂花酒等习俗,流传至今,经久不息。中秋节以月之圆兆人之团圆,为寄托思念故乡,思念亲人之情,祈盼丰收、幸福,成为丰富多彩、弥足珍贵的文化遗产。中秋节与端午节、春节、清明节并称为中国四大传统节日。

中秋节的来历和风俗简介英语作文

中秋节的介绍的英语作文

中秋节的介绍的英语作文(通用11篇)

在学习、工作、生活中,大家总免不了要接触或使用作文吧,作文是一种言语活动,具有高度的综合性和创造性。那么你有了解过作文吗?下面是我为大家收集的中秋节的介绍的英语作文(通用11篇),希望能够帮助到大家。

中秋节的介绍的英语作文 篇1

Mid Autumn Festival is a traditional festival of China. It used to be as important as Spring Festival .It is usually celebrated in September or Ocotber. This festival is to celebrate the havast and to enjoy the beautiful moon light.To some extent, it is like Thanks Giving day in western countries. On this day, people usually get together with their families and have a nice meal. After that, people always eat delicious moon cakes, and watch the moon. The moon is always very round on that day, and makes people think of their relitives and friends. It is a day of pleasure and happiness. Hope you have a wonderful Mid Autumn festival!

中秋节是传统的中国文化节。它曾经被作为重要的春节,这是通常的庆祝活动9月或ocotber 。这个节日是庆祝havast和享受美丽的月亮light.to在一定程度上,这就像感恩节在西方。这一天,人们通常就会得到连同他们的家庭和有一个很好的膳食。之后,人总是吃美味的月饼,观赏月亮。月亮总是,这一天,使人们觉得他们的relitives和朋友。这是一个天的愉悦和幸福。希望你有一个美好的中秋节!

中秋节的来历和风俗简介英语作文

中秋节的介绍的英语作文 篇2

Zhong Qiu Jie, which is also known as the Mid-Autumn Festival, is celebrated on the 15th day of the 8th month of the lunar calendar. It is a time for family members and loved ones to congregate and enjoy the full moon - an auspicious symbol of abundance, harmony and luck. Adults will usually indulge in fragrant mooncakes of many varieties with a good cup of piping hot Chinese tea, while the little ones run around with their brightly-lit lanterns.

农历八月十五日是中国的传统节日——中秋节。在这天,每个家庭都团聚在一起,一家人共同观赏象征丰裕、和谐和幸运的圆月。此时,大人们吃着美味的月饼,品着热腾腾的香茗,而孩子们则在一旁拉着兔子灯尽情玩耍。

Zhong Qiu Jie probably began as a harvest festival. The festival was later given a mythological flavour with legends of Chang-E, the beautiful lady in the moon.

中秋节早可能是一个庆祝丰收的节日。后来,月宫里美丽的仙女嫦娥的神话故事赋予了它神话色彩。

According to Chinese mythology, the earth once had 10 suns circling over it. One day, all 10 suns appeared together, scorching the earth with their heat. The earth was saved when a strong archer, Hou Yi, succeeded in shooting down 9 of the suns. Yi stole the elixir of life to save the people from his tyrannical rule, but his wife, Chang-E drank it. Thus started the legend of the lady in the moon to whom young Chinese girls would pray at the Mid-Autumn Festival.

传说古时候,天空曾有10个太阳。一天,这10个太阳同时出现,酷热难挡。弓箭手后翌射下了其中9个太阳,拯救了地球上的生灵。他偷了长生不死药,却被妻子嫦娥偷偷喝下。此后,每年中秋月圆之时,少女们都要向月宫仙女嫦娥祈福的传说便流传开来。

In the 14th century, the eating of mooncakes at Zhong Qiu Jie was given a new significance. The story goes that when Zhu Yuan Zhang was plotting to overthrow the Yuan Dynasty started by the Mongolians, the rebels hid their messages in the Mid-Autumn mooncakes. Zhong Qiu Jie is hence also a commemoration of the overthrow of the Mongolians by the Han people.

在14世纪,中秋节吃月饼又被赋予了一层特殊的含义。传说在朱元璋带兵起义推翻元朝时,将士们曾把联络信藏在月饼里。因此,中秋节后来也成为汉人推翻蒙古人统治的纪念日。

During the Yuan Dynasty (A.D.1206-1368) China was ruled by the Mongolian people. Leaders from the preceding Sung Dynasty (A.D.960-1279) were unhappy at submitting to foreign rule, and set how to coordinate the rebellion without it being discovered. The leaders of the rebellion, knowing that the Moon Festival was drawing near, ordered the making of special cakes. Packed into each mooncake was a message with the outline of the attack. On the night of the Moon Festival, the rebels successfully attacked and overthrew the government. What followed was the establishment of the Ming Dynasty (A.D. 1368-1644). Today, moon cakes are eaten to commemorate this event.

在元朝,蒙古人统治中国。前朝统治者们不甘心政权落入外族之手,于是密谋策划联合起义。正值中秋将近,起义首领就命令部下制作一种特别的月饼,把起义计划藏在每个月饼里。到中秋那天,起义军**胜利,推翻了元朝,建立明朝。今天,人们吃月饼纪念此事。

中秋节的介绍的.英语作文 篇3

Midautumn Festival, is a Chinas ancient holiday, because in August 15 this day is in autumn center, therefore is called Midautumn Festival. The holiday characteristic is eats the moon cake and raises the lantern.

Midautumn Festival and the lunar calendar new year are same, is a family member happy ending family member. Night of the midautumn festival, the moon roundest, is brightest, moonlight also brightest America. Each and every family food and so on fruits and melons, moon cake, suspends in the courtyard on the table, the whole family enjoys looking at the moon at the same time eats the moon cake at the same time, is precisely “the space turn only then holds, the world common people raise look”, this is the how happy prospect.

Midautumn Festivals traditional food is the moon cake, the moon cake is a circular, the symbolic reunion, had reflected people happy desire which reunite to the family member. Midautumn Festival eats the moon cake it is said to begin in the Yuan Dynasty, at that time.

Zhu Yuanzhang led the Han Nationality people to revolt against the Yuan Dynasty tyranny, agreed in August 15 this day revolt, by presented as a gift the moon cake the means to clamp mutually the note in the moon cake transmits the news. Midautumn Festival eats the moon cake the custom then to spread in the folk.

Afterwards, Zhu Yuanzhang finally overthrew Yuan Dynasty, first emperor which became the Ming Dynasty, although after that the Qing Dynasty person was in charge China, but the people still celebrated this symbol to overthrow the holiday which the alien race ruled.

中秋节的来历和风俗简介英语作文

中秋节的介绍的英语作文 篇4

Time flies like an arrow, and soon it comes to the annual Mid-Autumn festival. Every year on this day, every household should sing and dance. This year we are no exception.

This afternoon, we went to grandmas home three, then it was already evening, so we eat the family reunion dinner ready to top, and there are lucrative prizes. ,

We started to get the top pick, and we brought a red and red porcelain bowl for six dice. He started to get the top pick.

First is the grandmother, grandmother seemed to have a good luck today, all of a sudden is a quaternary, see dad stopping on the dog, a see will know that bad luck, there is not even a scholar. Im ok, there are three red, one for don...

We went to the roof of the house for the first time.

My father cut a moon cake to grandpa and grandma first, and then the moon rose slowly from the treetop, looking so noble and elegant. She is covered with silver yarn, with lightsome pace, step by step toward the sky, her soul, gorgeous and elegant, gold in her white, white like a woof mercury, gold like a pearl, the bright is dazzing, she will be soft moonlight sprinkled on the earth, the moon like water!

中秋节的介绍的英语作文 篇5

The Middle-Autumn FestivalThe Middle-Autumn Festival is one of the traditional Chinese festivals, it is often held in September or October. During the festival, family members get united and have moon cakes together. There are various kinds of moon cakes, such as bean paste, egg-yolk or meat. The shape of a moon cake is round as it symbolizes a big moon. Moreover, in the evening of the Middle-Autumn Festival, people get together in a vacant place, eating delicious moon cakes while appreciating the beautiful moon hanging in the dark sky. To conclude, the Middle-Autumn Festival is a very nice festival for Chinese people.

中秋节的来历和风俗简介英语作文

中秋节的介绍的英语作文 篇6

I think Mid-Autumn Day is an old traditional festival in China. Everybody likes it because its a family get-together. You see it is called "Mid-Autumn Day",so it often comes in September or October. It is on the 15th of the 8th of the lunar month. Now, lets say something about this interesting festival.

Firstly, Id like to say something about the moon. I like it very much because I want to be an astronaut in the future. That day the moon is round, big, just like a beautiful plate hanging on the blue cloth. When I see the moon, I will remember the ancient myths——the godess Chang Er and her little rabbit are playing under the tree which Wu Gang grows. I will also think about Armstrongs first moonwalk. I will also miss the friends in Tai-wan island, in Macao and Chinese people who are abroad. I know they are missing us very much, too.

Secondly, I11 say something about the tradition on Mid-Autumn Day. Look!Theres a big tree in a garden of a Chinese family. All the family members are sitting around a big table under the tree in the open air. They are eating the mooncakes and admiring the full moon in the sky. That is a family reunion dinner. The mooncakes and the moon represent the love from a family. I think this is one of the most valuable things in the world.

Thirdly,it is a very good opportunity to make three wishes on Mid-Autumn Day. My wishes are: the first, I, an astronaut in the future, would like to go to the moon one day, and stay with the sky and stars; the second, I hope every person in the world will stay with family, share love from the family forever; the third, I hope everybodys dream will come true. That is the Mid-Autumn Day in my mind. I will always re-member: East or West, home is best.

中秋节的介绍的英语作文 篇7

Mid-Autumn Day,all the country is celebrating. The streets are full of people, the loves are holding each other tightily.Everyone has his day.However,I am lonely.No one to hold,no one to kiss,no ont to talk! I was walking around the street without purpose,seeing the lovers kissing,watching the fireworkes alone,walking backe room whist.

Suddenly,i think i must be good to myself.So i decied to bue a present to myself.I know I will be good soon,and will find my Mr.Right.So tonight, a little teddy bear will sleep with me.And i know:i will have another teddy bear as a present that not bought from myself!!!

Chusok ("fall evening") is a Korean "Harvest Moon" (Han-gawi) festival set on the 15th day of the eighth lunar moon. Chusok (韩国中秋节), also known as the Korean Thanksgiving or Mid-Autumn Festival, is one of the most celebrated Korean holidays. It occurs during the harvest season. Thus, Korean families take this time to thank their ancestors for providing them with rice and fruits.

The celebration starts on the night before Chusok and ends on the day after the holiday. Thus, many Korean families take three days off from work to get together with family and friends.

The celebration starts with a family get-together at which rice cakes called "Songphyun" (蒸糕) are served. These special rice cakes are made of rice, beans, sesame seeds, and chestnuts. Then the family pays respect to ancestors by visiting their tombs and offering them rice and fruits. The Koreans visit the graves of their ancestors to bow and clean the area for the coming winter. In the evening, children wear their favorite hanbok (traditional Korean clothing) and dance under the bright moon in a large circle. They play games and sing songs. Like the American Thanksgiving, Chusok is the time to celebrate the family and give thanks for their blessings.

Community activities include masked dance, Kanggangsuwollae, an ancient circle dance, tug-of-wars and the tortoise game, kobuk-nori (乌龟游戏), in which two men dress as a tortoise and tour the village dancing and performing for food and drink. Most of all, Chusok is a time to give thanks for the autumn harvest and reaffirm familial and community ties.

中秋节的来历和风俗简介英语作文

中秋节的介绍的英语作文 篇8

The lunar August 15 is the annual Mid-Autumn festival. That night, even the moon princess, who was usually shy and often hid in the cloud

And they came out early and danced. You see, the princess of the moon looks very beautiful in the white dress she normally wears. Not only that, she brought a group of bodyguards -- many of them. Perhaps today is the birthday of the moon girl, as long as the light wind of the password, "the guards" and the moon girl dance to dance, how beautiful! Looked at the charming scenery, I cant help but remember childhood Mid-Autumn festival: childhood I often move out of the house of two small stools, a sit down, give me one for my mother. Sit in the yard and listen to mother talk about the moon. Eating moon cakes and playing games in themoonlight...

"Sister, what are you doing? Eating moon cakes!" "Asked the curious man, looking at me. "No," I replied hurriedly. "Im not." At this time, grandmother to carry a bof moon cake, I gather the past look, wow, is 11 piece! There are green bean filling, egg yolk filling, and red bean paste, many varieties. I grabbed two different mooncakes. One of the first, left mouthful, right mouthful, sweet moon cake makemy mouth water direct, eat seven eight in a row, only at grandmas stop the stop. After eating mooncakes, grandma brought fruit, peach, apples, pomegranates, and longan. I ate too much, and my stomach went up.

After eating moon cakes and fruit, I played games with my younger brothers and sisters. We played chicken, chess and other games. But the most interesting thing is chess. My sister and I put up the pieces and started playing chess. At first, my sister had the advantage, she made a few divisions in a row, and I was worse than one, but my sister lost...

The Mid-Autumn festival is fun! I hope the next Mid-Autumn festival will comesoon!

中秋节的介绍的英语作文 篇9

The world is enveloped in moonlight. A poetic feeling arises and softnepervades the atmosphere. At this time, a breeze of ten accompanies the silvery light of the moon and gives the world a peculiar appearance and the people a peculiar feeling. The air is suffused with a sweet scent, driving away the uglineand squal or of the daytime, soothing the distressed and wretched souls. If you sing a song, your voice will reach the clouds.

If you read a poem, it will echo in the mountains and valleys far away. If you hum a lullaby, its rhythm will send the whole sleeplecity to dreams.

中秋节的来历和风俗简介英语作文

中秋节的介绍的英语作文 篇10

the mid-autumn or moon festival is one rich in poetic(诗意的) significance. ancient legends(古代的传说) that became interwoven with this festival‘s celebration further contribute to the warm regard in which it has always been held by the chinese people. according to the lunar calendar(农历), the seventh, eighth, and ninth months constitute the autumn season. mid-autumn festival falls on the 15th day of the eighth lunar month, precisely in the middle of this season, when the heat of the summer has given way to cool autumn weather, marked by blue skies and gentle breezes. on this day the moon is at its greatest distance from the earth; at no other time is it so luminous. then, as the chinese say, “the moon is perfectly round.” in the villages the heavy work involved in the summer harvest has already been completed but the autumn harvest has not yet arrived.

the actual origins of the mid-autumn festival are still very unclear. the earliest records are from the time of the great han dynasty emperor wu di (156-87 b.c.), who initiated celebrations lasting three days, including banquets and “viewing the moon” evenings on the toad terrace. we know that people during the jin dynasty (265-420 a.d.) continued the custom of mid-autumn festival celebrations, and similar accounts have come down to us from the time of the tang dynasty. during the ming dynasty (1368-1644) houses and gardens were decorated with numerous lanterns and the sound of gongs and drums filled the air.

中秋节的介绍的英语作文 篇11

Mid Autumn Festival is a traditional festival of China. It used to be as important as Spring Festival .It is usually celebrated in September or October. This festival is to celebrate the harvest and to enjoy the beautiful moon light. To some extent, it is like Thanks Giving day in western countries. On this day, people usually get together with their families and have a nice meal. After that, people always eat delicious moon cakes, and watch the moon. The moon is always very round on that day, and makes people think of their relatives and friends. It is a day of pleasure and happiness. Hope you have a wonderful Mid Autumn festival!

译文:中秋节是中国的传统节日。它和春节一样重要。它通常是在九月或十月的。这个节日是为了庆祝丰收,并享受美丽的月光。从某种程度上说,在某种程度上,它就像西方的感恩节。在这一天,人们通常与家人聚在一起,度过一个愉快的聚餐。晚饭过后,人们会吃月饼,赏月亮。那天的月亮总是很圆,让人们想到他们的亲戚和朋友。这是一个幸福快乐的日子。愿你有一个美好的中秋节!

中秋节的来历和风俗简介英语作文

英文介绍中秋节

用英文介绍中秋节的范文如下:

范文一:

Mid-Autumn Festival, also known as the Moon Festival, is a traditional Chinese festival celebrated on the 15th day of the eighth lunar month. This year, it falls on September 21st. The festival is a time for families to gather together, enjoy mooncakes, and appreciate the beauty of the full moon.

Mooncakes are the traditional food of the Mid-Autumn Festival, and they come in many different varieties. They are usually round, symbolizing the full moon, and are often filled with sweet bean paste, lotus seed paste, or egg yolk. Other common activities during the festival in clude lighting lanterns, watching lion dances, and reciting poems.

The Mid-Autumn Festival has a long history, dating back over 3,000 years. Legend has it that a beautiful woman named Chang'e drank a potion and ascended to the moon, where she lives to this day. To honor her, people eat mooncakes and gaze at the moon during the festival.

范文二:

The Mid-Autumn Festival, also known as the Moon Festival, is one of the most important traditional festivals in China. It falls on the 15th day of the eighth lunar month, which usually corresponds to September or October on the Gregorian calendar. This year, it falls on September 21st.

During the festival, families gather together to appreciate the beauty of the full moon and enjoy traditional foods such as mooncakes, which are usually round and symbolize completeness and unity. Other popular activities during the festival include lighting lanterns, playing with fire dragon dances, and enjoying performances of traditional music and dance.

Historically, the Mid-Autumn Festival was a time for farmers to celebrate the end of the harvest season and give thanks for a bountiful crop. Today, it is a time for people to express gratitude for the blessings in their lives and to spend time with loved ones.

范文三:

The Mid-Autumn Festival is a traditional Chinese festival that is celebrated on the 15th day of the eighth lunar month. This year, it falls on September 21st. The festival is a time for families to come together, appreciate the full moon, and enjoy traditional foods such as mooncakes.

Mooncakes are the most iconic food of the Mid-Autumn Festival. They are usually round with a thin, crusty skin and a sweet filling. Many varieties are available, including ones with lotus seed paste, sweet bean paste, and egg yolks. Some families also make their own mooncakes at home.

Overall, the Mid-Autumn Festival is an important time for families to come together and celebrate the beauty of the moon and the blessings in their lives.

中秋节由来英语作文

在我们平凡的日常里,大家都不可避免地要接触到作文吧,作文是由文字组成,经过人的思想考虑,通过语言组织来表达一个主题意义的.文体。那么,怎么去写作文呢?下面是我精心整理的中秋节由来英语作文,希望对大家有所帮助!

中秋节的来历和风俗简介英语作文

中秋节由来英语作文 篇1

On 25th September this year, people all over China will be getting together to eat with their families, look at the moon and celebrate one of the biggest festivals in the Chinese lunar calendar.

However, the celebrations stretch far beyond the borders of China. Here in the UK events are taking place for Chinese people living here, and to teach the people of Britain more about this popular festival.

The Soho Theatre in London conducted a study which showed that Chinese Londoners don't engage much with the arts world. As a result, 'Moonwalking In China' has been created to celebrate the Mid-Autumn Festival.

This is no normal theatre production though, as it doesn't take place in the theatre. Theatre professionals and volunteers from the local community will take audiences around the streets of Soho on a magical lantern-lit walk through the landmarks and backstreets of Chinatown.

They tell the story of three generations of Chinese Londoners who all cross paths one night in Chinatown. Rabbits, karaoke and a woman who lives on the moon all feature prominently.

It's the Soho Theatre's first site-specific production and looks to be a unique way of marking the famous Chinese festival.

And the celebrations don't stop there! In early October the British Museum is actually opening late for a special free Mid-Autumn Festival event. There will be Chinese musical performances, a guess-the-mooncake-flavour game and you can learn how to perform a fan dance.

You can also try your hand at a variety of other traditional Chinese arts and crafts, as well as learning Mandarin and learning more about the history of China.

The Chinese population in the UK is quite large, so no doubt there will be events happening not only in the capital, but all around the country.

However you are celebrating, we hope you have fun. Happy mid-Autumn festival!

中秋节由来英语作文 篇2

The phrase "Mid Autumn Festival" was first seen in Zhou li. In the early Tang Dynasty, the mid autumn festival became a fixed festival. "New Tang Chi fifth music volume fifteen five" load "in spring and autumn Shidian in Wenxuan Wang, Wu King", and "Kaiyuan nineteen years, beginning the Tai Gong temple is father, to leave Zhang Liang with. In the Spring Festival and Mid Autumn Festival, the ceremony of offering sacrifices to animals and music is like writing". The popularity of the mid autumn festival began in the Song Dynasty, and it became famous in the Ming and Qing Dynasties. It became one of the major festivals in china. Every year on the 15th day of the eighth month of the Chinese lunar calendar, is the traditional mid autumn festival. This is the mid autumn of the year, so it is called mid autumn festival.

In the Chinese lunar calendar, a year is divided into four seasons, each season is divided into three parts Meng, and the Mid Autumn Festival is also known as the mid autumn season. Fifteen the moon of August than in other months more round full moon, the more bright, so they are called "Yuexi", "August festival". This night, people look up to the sky, such as jade like the bright moon, naturally will look forward to family reunion. Far away from home, but also to rely on their hometown and loved ones missing. Therefore, the Mid Autumn Festival is also called "reunion festival"".

In order to inherit the national culture and strengthen the national cohesion, the Mid Autumn Festival has been listed as the national legal holiday by the State Council since 2008. The state attaches great importance to the protection of intangible cultural heritage. In May 20, 2006, the festival was included in the first batch of national intangible cultural heritage sites approved by the state council.

In ancient times, the Chinese people had the custom of "autumn, evening, evening and month". On the eve of the worship of god. To Zhou Dai, every mid autumn night will be held cold and sacrifice month. Large incense table, put the moon cake, watermelon, apples, red dates, plums, grapes and other offerings, cakes and watermelon is definitely not small. Watermelon is cut into lotus shape. In the moonlight, the gods on the moon, red candle high fuel, the whole family in order to worship the moon, then headed housewife moon cake. The cutting man will count in advance how many people there are in the family, and those who are at home and out of town must be counted together.

From ancient Qi salt, pious worship during childhood, grow up, with superior character into the palace, but was not patronize. In August fifteen the moon, the son of heaven to see her in the moonlight, feeling that her beauty is outstanding, after she was queen, mid autumn worship to. Change mid beauty, so willing to worship the girl, "looks like moon, as the moon".

In the Tang Dynasty, the Mid-Autumn Festival and the Moon Festival were quite popular. In the capital. Fifteen August night, a lot of people, both rich and poor, old and young, all must wear adult clothes, say desire for religious worship, pray that God bless the moon. The Southern Song Dynasty, folk to moon cake gift, take the meaning of reunion. In some places there are grass dragon dance, pagodas, etc.. Since the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the custom of Mid Autumn Festival is more prevalent; many places formed a burning incense, tree Mid Autumn Festival, point tower lights, lantern, walk the moon, dance and other special customs.

Today, the custom of playing on the moon is far from the old. But a banquet to celebrate the very popular, people ask the month to the wine, to celebrate the wonderfull life, or friends healthy and happy, and the family "partings". The Mid Autumn Festival has a lot of customs and forms, but all of them are full of love for life and yearning for a better life.

中秋节的来历和风俗简介英语作文

中秋节由来英语作文 篇3

The Mid-Autumn Festival , also known as the Moon Festival, is a popular harvest festival celebrated by Chinese people and Vietnamese people (even though they celebrate it differently), dating back over 3,000 years to moon worship in China's Shang Dynasty .It was first called Zhongqiu Jie in Zhou Dynasty . In Malaysia and Singapore , it is also sometimes referred to as the Lantern Festival or Mooncake Festival.

Legend about Mid-Autumn Festival

It is said that the earth once had ten suns circling over it, each taking turn to illuminate the earth. One day, however, all ten suns appeared together, scorching the earth with their heat. Houyi ,a strong and tyrannical archer, saved the earth by shooting down nine of the suns. He eventually became King, but grew to become a despot .

One day, Houyi stole the elixir from a goddess. However, his beautiful wife, Chang'e, drank it so as to save the people from her huand’s tyrannical rule. After drinking it, she found herself floating, and flew to the moon. Houyi loved his divinely beautiful wife so much, he did not shoot down the moon. Chang'e flew to the moon grabbing a rabbit to keep her company. So the Chinese say that if you look up at the moon to this day you can sometimes see a rabbit making moon cakes.

The Mid-Autumn Festival is held on the 15th day of the eighth month in the Chinese calendar, which is usually around mid or late September in the Gregorian calendar. It is a date that parallels the autumn and spring equines of the solar calendar, when the moon is supposedly at its fullest and roundest. The traditional food of this festival is the mooncake, of which there are many different varieties.

Customs in Mid-Autumn Festival

The Mid-Autumn Festival is one of the two most important holidays in Chinese calendar, the other being the Chinese New Year, and is a legal holiday in several countries. Farmers celebrate the end of the summer harvest season on this day. Traditionally, on Mid-Autumn Day, Chinese family members and friends will get together to admire the bright mid-autumn harvest moon, and eat moon cakes and pomeloes together. Accompanying the celebration, there are additional cultural or regional customs, such as eating moon cakes outside under the moon, carrying brightly lit lanterns, lighting lanterns on towers, floating sky lanterns, burning incense in reverence to deities including Chang'e, planting Mid-Autumn trees , collecting dandelion leaves and distributing them evenly among family members and Fire Dragon Dances .

中秋节由来英语作文 篇4

The joyous Mid-Autumn Festival was celebrated on the fifteenth day of the eighth moon, around the time of the autumn equin(秋分). Many referred to it simply as the "Fifteenth of the Eighth Moon".

This day was also considered as a harvest festival since fruits, vegetables and grain had been harvested by this time and food was abundant. Food offerings were placed on an altar set up in the courtyard. Apples, pears, peaches, grapes, pomegranates(石榴), melons, oranges and pomelos(柚子) might be seen. Special foods for the festival included moon cakes, cooked taro(芋头)and water caltrope(菱角), a type of water chestnut resembling black buffalo horns. Some people insisted that cooked taro be included because at the time of creation, taro was the first food discovered at night in the moonlight. Of all these foods, it could not be omitted from the Mid-Autumn Festival.

The round moon cakes, measuring about three inches in diameter and one and a half inches in thickness, resembled Western fruitcakes in taste and consistency. These cakes were made with melon seeds(西瓜子), lotus seeds(莲籽), almonds(杏仁), minced meats, bean paste, orange peels and lard(猪油). A golden yolk(蛋黄) from a salted duck egg was placed at the center of each cake, and the golden brown crust was decorated with symbols of the festival. Traditionally, thirteen moon cakes were piled in a pyramid to symbolize the thirteen moons of a "complete year," that is, twelve moons plus one intercalary(闰月的) moon.

In the Western calendar, the day of the festival usually occurred sometime between the second week of September and the second week of October.

中秋节的来历和风俗简介英语作文

中秋节由来英语作文 篇5

The Mid-Autumn Festival is a traditional festivity for both the Han and minority nationalities. The custom of worshipping the moon can be traced back as far as the ancient Xia and Shang Dynasties (2000 B.C.-1066 B.C.). In the Zhou Dynasty(1066 B.C.-221 B.C.), people hold ceremonies to greet winter and worship the moon whenever the Mid-Autumn Festival sets in. It becomes very prevalent in the Tang Dynasty(618-907 A.D.) that people enjoy and worship the full moon. In the Southern Song Dynasty (1127-1279 A.D.), however, people send round moon cakes to their relatives as gifts in expression of their best wishes of family reunion. When it becomes dark, they look up at the full silver moon or go sightseeing on lakes to celebrate the festival. Since the Ming (1368-1644 A.D. ) and Qing Dynasties (1644-1911A.D.), the custom of Mid-Autumn Festival celebration becomes unprecedented popular. Together with the celebration there appear some special customs in different parts of the country, such as burning incense(熏香), planting Mid-Autumn trees, lighting lanterns on towers and fire dragon dances. However, the custom of playing under the moon is not so popular as it used to be nowadays, but it is not less popular to enjoy the bright silver moon. Whenever the festival sets in, people will look up at the full silver moon, drinking wine to celebrate their happy life or thinking of their relatives and friends far from home, and extending all of their best wishes to them.

There is this story about the moon-cake. during the Yuan dynasty (A.D. 1280-1368) China was ruled by the Mongolian people. Leaders from the preceding Sung dynasty (A.D. 960-1280) were unhappy at submitting to the foreign rule, and set how to coordinate the rebellion without being discovered. The leaders of the rebellion, knowing that the Moon Festival was drawing near, ordered the making of special cakes. Backed into each moon cake was a message with the outline of the attack. On the night of the Moon Festival, the rebels successfully attached and overthrew the government. Today, moon cakes are eaten to commemorate this legend and was called the Moon Cake.

For generations, moon cakes have been made with sweet fillings of nuts, mashed red beans, lotus-seed paste or Chinese dates, wrapped in a pastry. Sometimes a cooked egg yolk can be found in the middle of the rich tasting dessert. People compare moon cakes to the plum pudding and fruit cakes which are served in the English holiday seasons.

中秋节的来历和风俗英文版 中秋节的来历和风俗英文版内容

1、August 15th, during the three autumns, it is called Mid-Autumn Festival. In the Mid-Autumn Festival, the temperature is cold and cold, the weather is high, and the moon is in the sky. It is the best season to play the moon. People love to play the moon at this time. It is the season from the Tang Dynasty. This is the origin of the Mid-Autumn Festival.

八月十五,时届三秋之中,故谓中秋。中秋时节,气温已凉未寒,天高气爽,月朗中天,为玩月佳时令,人们多爱此时玩月,自唐以下渐演为节令,这就是中秋节的由来。

2、Mid-Autumn Festival is coming, every place has its own customs. But the customs of the Mid-Autumn Festival are nothing more than: offering sacrifices to the moon, appreciating the moon, watching lanterns and eating moon cakes. In addition, there are: folk worship on the moon, moonlight horse, Rabbit baby, Mid-Autumn feast custom, dance fire dragon, burning pagoda lamp, steal vegetables for Lang, steal melon pray son, the Mid-Autumn festival bo cake, sacrifice on burning incense bucket, begging on the moon, climb the moon, walk the moon walk three Bridges and so on.

中秋节到了,各地都有自己的习俗。但中秋节的习俗共同之处不外乎:祭月、赏月、观花灯、吃月饼。除此之外,各地还有:民间拜月、月光马儿、兔儿爷、中秋宴俗、舞火龙、燃宝塔灯、偷菜求郎、窃瓜祈子、中秋博饼、祭月烧香斗、乞月照月爬月、走月亮走三桥等等。

中秋节的来历和风俗简介英语作文

中秋节英文介绍(日期、习俗) 不要太多,一定要有译文!

Mid-autumn Festival is a popular and important lunar harvest festival celebrated by Chinese people. The festival is held on the 15thday of the eighth month in the Chinese calendar. There are some traditions in this holiday. For example, people would have a big dinner with their families. After dinner, they often enjoy the full moon which is round and bright. The other tradition of mid-autumn festival is eating moon cake. Moon cake is the essential of that day, which means reunion. As time goes by, there are various kinds of moon cakes, but they are much more expensive than before. I like mid-autumn festival because my families will get together and have a big dinner on that day.

中秋节是中国人庆祝丰收的重要的农历节日,很受欢迎。这个节日在中国日历8月15号这天举行。这一天有一些传统。比如说,人们会与家人共进丰盛的晚餐。晚饭过后,他们通常欣赏又亮又圆的满月。中秋节的另一个传统是吃月饼。月饼是中秋节的必备品,象征着团圆。随着时间的流逝,月饼的种类繁多,但是也比以前更贵了。我喜欢中秋节是因为在那一天我的家人会聚在一起吃丰盛的晚餐。

中秋节的来历英文介绍

中秋节的来历英文介绍

关于中秋节的来历你知道多少?下面就是我为大家整理的中秋节的来历英文介绍,仅供参考!

中秋节的来历英文介绍一

Zhong Qiu Jie, which is also known as the Mid-Autumn Festival, is celebrated on the 15th day of the 8th month of the lunar calendar. It is a time for family members and loved ones to congregate and enjoy the full moon - an auspicious symbol of abundance, harmony and luck. Adults will usually indulge in fragrant mooncakes of many varieties with a good cup of piping hot Chinese tea, while the little ones run around with their brightly-lit lanterns.

Zhong Qiu Jie probably began as a harvest festival. The festival was later given a mythological flavour with legends of Chang-E, the beautiful lady in the moon.

中秋节早可能是一个庆祝丰收的节日。后来,月宫里美丽的仙女

According to Chinese mythology, the earth once had 10 suns circling over it. One day, all 10 suns appeared together, scorching the earth with their heat. The earth was saved when a strong archer, Hou Yi, succeeded in shooting down 9 of the suns. Yi stole the elixir of life to save the people from his tyrannical rule, but his wife, Chang-E drank it. Thus started the legend of the lady in the moon to whom young Chinese girls would pray at the Mid-Autumn Festival.

传说古时候,天空曾有10个太阳。一天,这10个太阳同时出现,酷热难挡。弓箭手后翌射下了其中9个太阳,拯救了地球上的生灵。他偷了长生不死药,却被妻子嫦娥偷偷喝下。此后,每年中秋月圆之时,少女们都要向月宫仙女嫦娥祈福的传说便流传开来。

In the 14th century, the eating of mooncakes at Zhong Qiu Jie was given a new significance. The story goes that when Zhu Yuan Zhang was plotting to overthrow the Yuan Dynasty started by the Mongolians, the rebels hid their messages in the Mid-Autumn mooncakes. Zhong Qiu Jie is hence also a commemoration of the overthrow of the Mongolians by the Han people.

在14世纪,中秋节吃月饼又被赋予了一层特殊的含义。传说在

During the Yuan Dynasty (

在元朝,蒙古人统治中国。前朝统治者们不甘心政权落入外族之手,于是密谋策划联合起义。正值中秋将近,起义首领就命令部下制作一种特别的月饼,把起义计划藏在每个月饼里。到中秋那天,起义军获取胜利,推翻了元朝,建立明朝。今天,人们吃月饼纪念此事。

有关中秋节的相关英文词汇,快来看看吧! Mid-Autumn Festival 中秋节lunar农历mooncake月饼minimooncake 迷你月饼mooncakes with meat / nuts / 肉馅/果仁月饼ham mooncake火腿月饼lantern / scaldfish灯笼light lantern 点灯笼family reunion家庭团聚

中秋节的.来历英文介绍二

"Zhong Qiu Jie", which is also known as the Mid-Autumn Festival, is celebrated on the 15th day of the 8th month of the lunar calendar. It is atime for family members and loved ones to congregate and enjoy the full moon -an auspicious symbol of abundance, harmony and luck. Adults will usuallyindulge in fragrant mooncakes of many varieties with a good cup of piping hotChinese tea, while the little ones run around with their brightly-lit lanterns.

农历八月十五日是中国的传统节日——中秋节。在这天,每个家庭都团聚在一起,一家人共同观赏象征丰裕、和谐和幸运的圆月。此时,大人们吃着美味的月饼,品着热腾腾的香茗,而孩子们则在一旁拿着灯笼尽情玩耍。

"Zhong Qiu Jie" probably began asa harvest festival. The festival was later given a mythological flavour withlegends of Chang’e, the beautiful lady in the moon.

中秋节早可能是一个庆祝丰收的节日。后来,月宫里美丽的仙女嫦娥的神话故事赋予了它神话色彩。

According to Chinese mythology, the earthonce had 10 suns circling over it. One day, all 10 suns appeared together,scorching the earth with their heat. The earth was saved when a strong archer,Houyi, succeeded in shooting down 9 of the suns. Yi stole the elixir of life tosave the people from his tyrannical rule, but his wife, Chang-E drank it. Thusstarted the legend of the lady in the moon to whom young Chinese girls wouldpray at the Mid-Autumn Festival.

传说古时候,天空曾有10个太阳。一天,这10个太阳同时出现,酷热难挡。弓箭手后翌射下了其中9个太阳,拯救了地球上的生灵。他偷了长生不死药,却被妻子嫦娥偷偷喝下。此后,每年中秋月圆之时,少女们都要向月宫仙女嫦娥祈福的传说便流传开来。

During the Yuan Dynasty (A.D.1206-1368)China was ruled by the Mongolian people. Leaders from the preceding SungDynasty (A.D.960-1279) were unhappy at submitting to foreign rule, and set howto coordinate the rebellion without it being discovered. The leaders of therebellion, knowing that the Moon Festival was drawing near, ordered the makingof special cakes. Packed into each mooncakes was a message with the outline ofthe attack. On the night of the Moon Festival, the rebels successfully attackedand overthrew the government. What followed was the establishment of the MingDynasty (A.D. 1368-1644). Today, moon cakes are eaten to commemorate thisevent.

在元朝,蒙古人统治中国。前朝统治者们不甘心政权落入外族之手,于是密谋策划联合起义。正值中秋将近,起义首领就命令部下制作一种特别的月饼,把起义计划藏在每个月饼里。到中秋那天,起义军获取胜利,推翻了元朝,建立明朝。今天,人们吃月饼纪念此事。

Mid-Autumn Day is a traditional Festival inChina. Almost everyone likes to eat mooncakes on that day. Most families have adinner together to celebrate the festival. A saying goes, "The moon inyour hometown is almost always the brightest and roundest". Many peoplewho live far away from homes want to go back to have a family reunion. Howhappy it is to enjoy the moon cakes while watching the full moon with yourfamily members.

中秋节是中国的传统的节日。几乎每个人都喜欢在那一天吃月饼。大多数家庭一起共进晚餐庆祝中秋。有句俗话说:“

拓展阅读

中秋节英语相关词汇

Mid-autumn day / -autumn Festival 中秋节

Moon Festival / Mooncake Festival / Moon Festival 中秋节

mooncake月饼

minimooncake 迷你月饼

mooncakes with meat / nuts / 肉馅/果仁/蛋黄月饼

ham mooncake火腿月饼

grapefruit / pomelo / shaddock

应届毕业生求职网官方

glue pudding汤圆

lantern / scaldfish灯笼

Chang E 嫦娥

Hou Yi 后羿

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relative activities相关活动:

gather to admire the bright mid-autumn harvest moon 聚在一起赏月

light lantern 点灯笼

carry the lantern around 提灯笼

burn incense 烧香

fire dragon dances火龙舞

The custom of worshipping the moon

worshippe the full moon拜满月的习俗

family reunion家庭团聚 / 圆


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中秋节的来历和风俗简介英语作文

中秋节的起源用英文怎样介绍

  中秋节是一个花好月圆,全家团聚的好时节。你知道中秋节的起源英文介绍吗?相信不少人都不是很清楚吧,下面我就给大家介绍中秋节的起源英文介绍,感兴趣的一起来看看吧!

  中秋节的起源英文介绍
"Zhong Qiu Jie", which is also known as the Mid-Autumn Festival, is celebrated on the 15th day of the 8th month of the lunar calendar. It is a time for family members and loved ones to congregate and enjoy the full moon - an auspicious symbol of abundance, harmony and luck. Adults will usually indulge in fragrant mooncakes of many varieties with a good cup of piping hot Chinese tea, while the little ones run around with their brightly-lit lanterns.

"Zhong Qiu Jie" probably began as a harvest festival. The festival was later given a mythological flavour with legends of Chang-E, the beautiful lady in the moon.

According to Chinese mythology, the earth once had 10 suns circling over it. One day, all 10 suns appeared together, scorching the earth with their heat. The earth was saved when a strong archer, Hou Yi, succeeded in shooting down 9 of the suns. Yi stole the elixir of life to save the people from his tyrannical rule, but his wife, Chang-E drank it. Thus started the legend of the lady in the moon to whom young Chinese girls would pray at the Mid-Autumn Festival.

In the 14th century, the eating of mooncakes at "Zhong Qiu Jie" was given a new significance. The story goes that when Zhu Yuan Zhang was plotting to overthrow the Yuan Dynasty started by the Mongolians, the rebels hid their messages in the Mid-Autumn mooncakes. Zhong Qiu Jie is hence also a commemoration of the overthrow of the Mongolians by the Han people.

During the Yuan Dynasty (A.D.1206-1368) China was ruled by the Mongolian people. Leaders from the preceding Sung Dynasty(A.D.960-1279) were unhappy at submitting to foreign rule, and set how to coordinate the rebellion without it being discovered. The leaders of the rebellion, knowing that the Moon Festival was drawing near, ordered the making of special cakes. Packed into each mooncake was a message with the outline of the attack. On the night of the Moon Festival, the rebels successfully attacked and overthrew the government. What followed was the establishment of the Ming Dynasty (A.D. 1368-1644). Today, moon cakes are eaten to commemorate this event.

Mid-Autumn Day is a traditional festival in China. Almost everyone likes to eat mooncakes on that day. Most families have a dinner together to celebrate the festival. A saying goes, "The moon in your hometown is almost always the brightest and roundest". Many people who live far away from homes want to go back to have a family reunion. How happy it is to enjoy the moon cakes while watching the full moon with your family members.
中秋节各地习俗
河北省万全县称中秋为“小元旦”,月光纸上绘有太阴星君及关帝夜阅春秋像。河间县人认为中秋雨为苦雨,若中秋节下雨,当地人则认为青菜必定味道不佳。

陕西省西乡县中秋夜男子泛舟登崖,女子安排佳宴。不论贫富,必食西瓜。中秋有吹鼓手沿门吹鼓,讨赏钱。洛川县中秋节家长率学生带礼物为先生拜节,午饭多于校内聚餐。

一些地方还形成了很多特殊的中秋习俗。除了赏月、祭月、吃月饼外,还有香港的舞火龙、安徽的堆宝塔、广州的树中秋、晋江的烧塔仔、苏州石湖看串月、傣族的拜月、苗族的跳月、侗族的偷月亮菜、高山族的托球舞等。

中秋夜烧塔在一些地方也很盛行。塔高1—3公尺不等,多用碎瓦片砌成,大的塔还要用砖块砌成,约占塔高的1/4,然后再用瓦片叠砌而成,顶端留一个塔口,供投放燃料用。

在福建厦门,每逢中秋佳节临近,夜色阑珊中的厦门,大街小巷便会传出博饼时骰子撞碰瓷碗的悦耳叮当声。厦门的“博饼”,也叫“博中秋饼”、“博会饼”。

中国南方、香港及东南亚地区的华人,在中秋节夜晚提灯笼. 或将灯笼挂在门前。或将灯笼挂在门前。 舞火龙,是香港中秋节富传统特色的习俗。从每年农历八月十四晚起,铜锣湾大坑地区就一连叁晚举行盛大的舞火龙活动。

在台湾,阴历八月十五的中秋节是个重要民俗节日,全台湾放假一天。至今,台湾一般民众仍普遍有赏月吃月饼、柚子的习惯。

中秋节这一天人们都要吃月饼以示“团圆”。月饼,又叫胡饼、宫饼、月团、丰收饼、团圆饼等,是古代中秋祭拜月神的供品。
各国中秋节习俗
韩国风俗:家团聚 吃松糕

韩国中秋节重要的是全家人要团聚到爷爷奶奶家,首先是祭拜祖先,然后全家人一起喝酒、打麻将、跳舞、赏月等。中秋节习惯吃"松糕",这是有点类似月饼的食物。

日本风俗:吃团子 赏月会

日本人过中秋吃的是江米做的"团子",形状各异,馅儿以豆沙为主。如今日本只有少部分地方保留着过月见节的习惯,一些神社、寺院会举行赏月会。

泰国风俗:摆寿桃 拜八仙

人们在大方桌前端坐祈祷,拜观音菩萨和八仙。桌上还摆满了"寿桃"、"月饼"之类美食。据泰国传说,中秋祈月,八仙会带着寿桃到月宫给观音祝寿,神仙们就会"降福"。

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英语作文介绍中秋节英语

范文:

Dear Peter,

亲爱的皮特,

I am very glad to tell you something about the Mid-Autumn Festival.The Mid-Autumn Festival is a traditional Chinese folk festival. The Mid-Autumn Festival originated from celestial worship, from the ancient times qiuxi festival evolved from the moon. 

我很高兴告诉你一些关于中秋节的事情。中秋节,是中国民间的传统节日。中秋节源自天象崇拜,由上古时代秋夕祭月演变而来。

Since ancient times, the Mid-Autumn Festival has been offering sacrifices to the moon, enjoying the moon, eating moon cakes, playing lanterns, enjoying osmanthus flowers, drinking osmanthus wine and other folk customs, spread to the present, enduring.

中秋节自古便有祭月、赏月、吃月饼、玩花灯、赏桂花、饮桂花酒等民俗,流传至今,经久不息。

The Mid-Autumn Festival to the full moon of reunion, for the sustenance of missing hometown, missing relatives, praying for harvest, happiness, become a rich and colorful, precious cultural heritage.

中秋节以月之圆兆人之团圆,为寄托思念故乡,思念亲人之情,祈盼丰收、幸福,成为丰富多彩、弥足珍贵的文化遗产。

中秋节的来历和风俗简介英语作文

中秋节的来历英文

中秋节的来历英文50字

农历八月十五日,是我国传统的中秋节,下面就是我为大家整理的中秋节的来历英文50字,希望对大家有帮助!

第一篇:中秋节的来历英文50字

zhong qiu jie, which ialso known athe mid-autumn festival, icelebrated on the 15th daof the 8th month of the lunar calendar. it ia time for familmemberand loved oneto congregate and enjothe full moon - an auspiciousymbol of abundance, harmonand luck. adultwill usuallindulge in fragrant mooncakeof manvarietiewith a good cup of piping hot chinese tea, while the little onerun around with their brightly-lit lanterns.

第二篇:中秋节的来历英文50字

in the 14th century, the eating of mooncakeat zhong qiu jie wagiven a new significance. the storgoethat when zhu yuan zhang waplotting to overthrow the yuan dynaststarted bthe mongolians, the rebelhid their messagein the mid-autumn mooncakes. zhong qiu jie ihence also a commemoration of the overthrow of the mongolianbthe han people.

第三篇:中秋节的来历英文50字

according to chinese mythology, the earth once had 10 suncircling over it. one day, all 10 sunappeared together, scorching the earth with their heat. the earth wasaved when a strong archer, hou yi, succeeded in shooting down 9 of the suns. yi stole the elixir of life to save the people from hityrannical rule, but hiwife, chang-e drank it. thustarted the legend of the ladin the moon to whom young chinese girlwould praat the mid-autumn festival.

第四篇:中秋节的来历英文50字

during the yuan dynast(a.d.1206-1368) china waruled bthe mongolian people. leaderfrom the preceding sung dynast(a.d.960-1279) were unhappat submitting to foreign rule, and set how to coordinate the rebellion without it being discovered. the leaderof the rebellion, knowing that the moon festival wadrawing near, ordered the making of special cakes. packed into each mooncake waa message with the outline of the attack. on the night of the moon festival, the rebelsuccessfullattacked and overthrew the government. what followed wathe establishment of the ming dynast(a.d. 1368-1644). today, moon cakeare eaten to commemorate thievent.

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中秋节的来历与习俗

农历八月十五日,是我国传统的中秋节,也是我国仅次于春节的第二大传统节日。也称仲秋节、团圆节、八月节等,是我国汉族和大部分少数民族的传统节日,也流行于朝鲜、日本和越南等邻国。因为秋季的七、八、九三个月(指农历),八月居中,而八月的三十天中,又是十五居中,所以称之为中秋节。又因此夜浩月当空,民间多于此夜合家团聚,故又称团圆节。

中秋节起源于我国古代秋祀、拜月之俗。《礼记》中载有“天子春朝日,秋夕月。朝日以朝,夕月以夕。”这里的“夕月”就是拜月的意思。两汉时已具雏形,唐时,中秋赏月之俗始盛行,并定为中秋节。欧阳詹(公元785——约827年)于《长安玩月诗序》云:“八月于秋。季始孟终;十五于夜,又月云中。稽于天道,则寒暑均,取于月数,则蟾魂圆,故曰中秋。”

中秋之夜,月色皎洁,古人把圆月视为团圆的象征,因此,又称八月十五为“团圆节”.古往今来,人们常用“月圆”、“月缺”来形容“悲欢离合”,客居他乡的游子,更是以月来寄托深情。唐代诗人李白的“举头望明月,低头思故乡”,杜甫的“露从今夜白,月是故乡明”,宋代王安石的“春风又绿江南岸,明月何时照我还”等诗句,都是千古绝唱。

中秋节与元宵节和端午节并称为我国三大传统佳节。究中秋节之来源,与“嫦娥奔月”、“吴刚伐桂”、“玉兔捣药”等神话传说有着密切的关系。故中秋节的民间习俗多与月亮有关。赏月、拜月、吃团圆月饼等,均源于此。

古代帝王有春天祭日,秋天祭月的社制,民家也有中秋祭月之风,到了后来赏月重于祭月,严肃的祭祀变成了轻松的欢娱。中秋赏月的风俗在唐代极盛,许多诗人的名篇中都有咏月的诗句,宋代、明代、清代宫廷和民间的拜月赏月活动更具规模。我国各地至今遗存着许多“拜月坛”、“拜月亭”、“望月楼”的古迹。

北京的“月坛”就是明嘉靖年间为皇家祭月修造的。每当中秋月亮升起,于露天设案,将月饼、石榴、枣子等瓜果供于桌案上,拜月后,全家人围桌而坐,边吃边谈,共赏明月。现在,祭月拜月活动已被规模盛大、多彩多姿的.群众赏月游乐活动所替代。

吃月饼是节日的另一习俗,月饼象征着团圆。月饼的制作从唐代以后越来越考究。苏东坡有诗写道:“小饼如嚼月,中有酥和饴”,清朝杨光辅写道:“月饼饱装桃肉馅,雪糕甜砌蔗糖霜”.看来当时的月饼和现在已颇为相近了。

通常有许多人讲,中秋节源自嫦娥奔月的故事。据史书记载:“昔嫦娥以西王母不死之药服之,遂奔月为月精。”嫦娥此举所付出的代价是罚作苦役,并终生不能返回人间。李白为此颇为伤感,写有诗句:“白兔捣药秋复春,女亘娥孤栖与谁邻?”嫦娥自已虽觉月宫之好,但也耐不住寂寞,在每年八月十五月圆夜清之时,返回到人间与夫君团聚,但在天明之前必须回到月宫。

后世人每逢中秋,既想登月与嫦娥一聚,又盼望嫦娥下凡一睹芳容。因此,许多人在焚香拜月之时,祈求“男则愿早步蟾宫,高攀仙桂……女则愿貌似嫦娥,圆如皓月。”年复一年,人们把这一天作为节日来庆祝。

有人则认为,中秋节是由唐明皇赏月开始的。唐代《开元遗事》一书中记载:中秋夜,唐明皇偕杨贵妃在月下游玩儿,游到兴处,二人径自登入月宫,唐明皇还在月宫学得半部《霓裳羽衣曲》,后来补充完整,成为传世之作。唐明皇念念不忘这月宫之行,每年到此时刻,必要赏月一番。百姓也来效仿,月圆之时欢聚一堂,享受人间美景。久而久之,成了一种传统沿袭下来。

而有人提出,中秋节原本是推翻元朝统治的一次起义纪念日。在元朝末年,老百姓不堪忍受官府的统治,在中秋季节,把写有“杀鞑 子、灭元朝;八月十五家家齐动手”的字条藏在铬好的小圆饼内相互传递。到了八月十五日晚,家家户户齐动手,一举推翻了元朝统治。后来,每逢中秋节,都吃月饼来纪念这次历史性的胜利。

另外有人提出,中秋节的起源和农业生产有关。秋天是收获的季节。“秋”字的解释是:“庄稼成熟曰秋”.八月中秋,农作物和各种果品陆续成熟,农民为了庆祝丰收,表达喜悦的心情,就以“中秋”这天作为节日。“中秋”就是秋天中间的意思,农历的八月是秋季中间的一个月,十五日又是个月中间的一天。

《周礼》中出现过中秋这个词,但它指的不是中秋节,而是秋季的第二个月。汉代有“秋节”,时间是在立秋的那一天,也不是八月十五,唐朝的类书里有四时十二节令的记载,也没有中秋节,但唐诗中已出现了“中秋月”.“八月中秋月正圆,送君吟上木兰船”(韦庄《送李秀才归荆溪》)。

第一次对中秋节作了明确记载的是南宋人吴自收,他在《梦梁录》一书中说:“八月十五日中秋节,此日三秋临半,故谓之‘中秋’。此夜月色倍明于常时,又谓之‘月夕’。”书里还描写了南宋京都临安(今杭州)赏月逛夜市的盛况。



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